FICO - Your Credit Score
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to a single number.
This score is compiled by credit reporting agencies. These agencies use the payment history of your various loans: credit cards, mortgages, car/boat loans etcetera.
All three credit reporting agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary, each agency uses the following to build a score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have, and how much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. The result is one number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most home buyers likely find their FICO scores falling between 620 and 800.
Credit scores make a huge difference in your interest rate
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
How can you improve your FICO score? Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you can and should have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
How do I find out my credit score?
To improve your FICO score, you must obtain the reports that are used to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac, the corporation that offered the original FICO credit score, offers credit scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with credit reports from all three agencies. Also available are helpful information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report every year from all three agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is fast and inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about your credit score? Give us a call at 218-237-5128.